How do politicians and/or citizens use digital technologies to engage in politics in a post-broadcast democracy?

Wide range of freedom of news reporting and speech, especially citizen’s expression of different opinions and views, is the important guarantee of citizen participation in network politics. For example, government can provide citizens all kinds of websites to participate in (Wilson, 2011). Many topics and issues on those websites are the discussion or doubts on the government policies and some of them are even anti-government viewpoints (Powell, 2011). However, government should not shield, delete or seal up these website. Instead, government can search for ideas and directions of democracy or political revolution consequently (Zhang et al., 2010).


Youth engagement in political network has been the major part of the new era of youth participation in politics. During the past 20 years, there is a significant downward trend of civil and political participation, which is attracting more attention. The declining referendum rate, reducing trust in politicians and fewer interests in public issues have been important evidence of democratic crisis. At the same time, online political participation has been the important way for the political power to consolidate their status and involving youth to support their parties. Many countries have established different network platforms to provide a network platform for the youth to participate in politics (Youniss et al., 2012). For example, in the UK, the Hansard Society is building up the website of Heads Up to connect the youth together with the politics and the youth can discuss different political and democracy problems on the forum (Youniss et al., 2012).

In Switzerland, a newspaper Afftonbladet and the online youth community Lunarstorm have co-founded the website of Ungtval to help the youth to provide their voices especially their concerns on the public agenda (Youniss et al., 2012).

Invited but Ignored. How Aimed to Foster but Failed to Promote Young Engagement

In Turkey, the organisation ARI Hareketi has built up the website Ari to help the Turkish youth to understand the volunteered along with discussion on the religious security issues (Youniss et al., 2012).



During the 2012 US presidential campaign, Obama was emphasising on stimulating and attracting the youth’s participation in politics. Through online campaign publicity and a lot of communication with netizens online, Obama has successfully got a lot of young voters and achieved the final victory (Youniss et al., 2012).


How Obama Won the Social Media Battle in the 2012 Presidential Campaign


In Libya, anti-government organisations are calling for public, releasing information and organising anti-government activities through global social networking websites such as Twitter and Facebook (Youniss et al., 2012).





















Powell, K. A. (2011). Framing Islam: An analysis of US media coverage of terrorism since 9/11. Communication Studies62(1), 90-112.


Wilson, J. (2011). Playing with politics: Political fans and Twitter faking in post-broadcast democracy. Convergence: The International Journal of Research into New Media Technologies17(4), 445-461.


Youniss, J., Bales, S., Christmasp-Best, V., Diversi, M., McLaughlin, M., & Silbereisen, R. (2002). Youth civic engagement in the twenty – first century. Journal of Research on Adolescence12(1), 121-148.


Zhang, W., Johnson, T. J., Seltzer, T., & Bichard, S. L. (2010). The revolution will be networked the influence of social networking sites on political attitudes and behavior. Social Science Computer Review28(1), 75-92.







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